Some or most of us now the type of armaments that were emplaced in Corregidor and the other harbor forts in Manila and Subic bays. However, here is one that never arrived and could have made an impact against land targets especially in Bataan against Japanese artillery.
On Feb 20, 1922, the USAT (US Army Transport) "Wheaton" was cruising along the Pacific making her regular run from San Francisco to Manila. Suddenly her cruise was interupted by a sharp swing to port and the transport set sail for a new course. She was going to Oahu, Hawaii instead.
Among her cargo were Twelve (12) World War I ugly but efficient M1918 240mm howitzers that were enroute to Corregidor Island to strengthen the defenses against land attacks from Bataan.
Why were they diverted to Oahu instead?
The United States had just recently agreed to Article XIX of the Five Power Treaty on Naval Limitation (US, Great Britain, France, Japan and Italy). Article XIX became known as the "Non-Fortification Clause" The article states that there should be no increase in American seacoast installations beyond the 130th parallel of latitude. So that meant that no new howitzers, no anti aircraft guns (incidentally, the Wheaton also carried fourteen 3-inch guns for Corregidor) , no new bombproof -- in short, nothing new to Corregidor. This treaty remained into effect until its expiry in December 31, 1937.
So here is how it looks:
Below is a photo of the M1918 240mm Howitzer deployed in Hawaii
..and here is technical drawing of the howitzer:
Last Edit: Jun 8, 2009 21:24:56 GMT 8 by batteryboy
hey battery...that is a most interesting historical tidbit. methinks, those weapons could have made life a bit more depressing for the japs in early 1942. it could have, at least, put off the inevitable outcome. kinda like getting a couple more times "at bat" for the fil/amer guys. good stuff, as usual.
Yes this is interesting. How come did not ship this back to the Philippines after 1937, That would have been a good match up against the Japanese guns in the mainland. Were there any howitzers in Corregidor? I saw a 105mm on display. Was this used against the Japanese?
105mm were not present in the Philippines during the 41-42 campaign. There were only two (2) heavy field howitzers in the Philippines. These were M1918 155mm howitzers that were assigned to the 301st Field Artillery, Philippine Army in Bataan. If you ask me we should have had more of the 155mm howitzers because of their ability to shoot at a higher angle thus getting more hits on the Japanese gun batteries that were in defiladed positions in both Bataan and Cavite.
The old 240mm as what okla mentioned could have given the Japanese a little more that what they had taken from the US and Fil. gunners.
Last Edit: Jun 10, 2009 21:29:29 GMT 8 by batteryboy
westernaus: Thank You , Thank You Karl for posting all these photo's and Thank You to Glen Williford for releasing them to Karl . It just shows how much thought and planning went in to the construction of the Concrete Battleship .
Sept 23, 2018 16:51:29 GMT 8
nolruiz: Hello everyone, im from the Philippines, not only am i interested in the rich history of my country but i also wish to educate my sons on our history that is slowly being forgotten by our newer generations.
Sept 25, 2018 12:32:25 GMT 8
jddelta: Thanks Karl, I really appreciate all your hard work keeping the glory days alive and keeping us informed of the changes that have been made to the place we all loved to live and visit. I;f I were to ever decide to leave CONUS I would report to duty there.
Oct 6, 2018 22:36:19 GMT 8
kapitan Jakob: Interesting pictures as always Karl. Did you hear that the SRF drydock on your picture has now sunk. It was towed to Guam in late 1992, then Gordon managed to get it returned around 2000, to then Subic shipyard near Subic Yacht club. It sunk mid 2018 due
Oct 7, 2018 12:19:35 GMT 8
Karl Welteke: FYI, I am scheduled to go to Corregidor on the 16th Oct for two nights.
Oct 9, 2018 8:42:41 GMT 8
frank McGlothlin: Hello, Interesting to read all this. I found the massacre site or part of it back in 1997. I have proof on what i dug. If you don't dig you can't prove anything just by looking at maps or even walking the battlefield.It's a big place, hot and watch out for
Oct 11, 2018 2:16:02 GMT 8
Frank McGlothlin: Hello Chadhill, Go to pinoyhistoryproboards.com
Oct 12, 2018 23:57:01 GMT 8
Frank McGlothlin: Hello Chadhill,
Oct 12, 2018 23:57:21 GMT 8
Frank McGlothlin: Hello Chadhill, go to pinoyhistoryproboards.com click on artifacts and collectors items then go to page 3 and 4. look under foxholefrank as the creator. then look under "ww2' section on page 5. you will see a few things i found. Frank.
Oct 13, 2018 0:02:16 GMT 8
chadhill: Hello Frank, I could not find the last one. Can you provide a direct link please? I liked your book "Barksdale to Bataan". Thank you, Chad
Oct 13, 2018 2:54:27 GMT 8
chadhill: Photobucket is down...
Oct 25, 2018 9:13:18 GMT 8
scvet: I have been looking for info on WHEN the soldiers wives and children were evacuated from Ft. Mills. They apparently left sometime before December 7th, 1941. Has anyone seen any mention of when?
Nov 3, 2018 2:58:29 GMT 8
scvet: I came across a great posting on the internet: www.fsteiger.com/gsteipow.html.Captain George Steiger, CA, was assigned to Ft. Mills in 1941, had a battery of 12" mortars, was a POW and made it home! His pre-war diary entries are a fabulous look at that
Nov 8, 2018 5:23:19 GMT 8
scvet: long ago world. Very detailed diary entries while a POW are sobering. Well worth a look!
Nov 8, 2018 5:24:48 GMT 8
EXO: SCVET - the Steiger article is of such critical importance to what happened on the night of the sinking of the SS CORREGIDOR, we have backed it up.
Nov 12, 2018 3:57:09 GMT 8