Another very interesting thread. The very interesting 1960s book "Pacific Spy Ring" by Col. Alison Ind dealt with the Philippine guerillas and coast watchers. Ind was the person on MacArthur's staff who liaised with the Philippine resistance movement. Slightly off the topic, but a very prominent US Navy officer in World War 2 was Capt Steve Jurika. He helped with the training of the Doolittle Raiders and received a Navy Cross for bravery for his actions on the aircraft carrier USS Franklin. Capt Jurika was born in the Philippines so he must have been related to the Jurikas mentioned in this thread.
Post by Karl Welteke on Sept 25, 2015 15:12:57 GMT 8
EMILIO GRUPE, A FORGOTTEN HERO
W117 “They tortured Emilio from 11 p.m. to 3:30 in the morning, and they did it in my presence,” Campbell told The Herald during a 2011 interview. “Finally, I screamed at them, ‘Stop it! You’re acting like animals!’ At that point, they finally noticed I was pregnant, so they took him into the bathroom — six of them — and continued to beat him.
On Aug. 30, 1944, Grupe and others were taken to the Chinese cemetery in Manila, where they were beheaded [in the presence of Richard Sakakida - Registrar] and buried together in a mass grave.
The above two paragraph came from this article from the Monterey County news, dated 4th Sep 2015. The author did an article on Aunt Alice in 2011, when she was still living in Salinas. This is an update.
Below here is the whole article:
MONTEREY COUNTY. Former Monterey County resident Alice Campbell was seven months pregnant with her third child, Peggy, the night the Japanese military police burst into the home in San Juan, Manila, that she was sharing with her first husband, Emilio Manuel Grupe, and their other two children, Frankie and Betty.
It was just after 11 p.m. on Feb. 13, 1944, when they came through the door, accusing Grupe of transmitting information to the Americans that resulted in the destruction of a convoy and the death of thousands of Japanese troops.
“They tortured Emilio from 11 p.m. to 3:30 in the morning, and they did it in my presence,” Campbell told The Herald during a 2011 interview. “Finally, I screamed at them, ‘Stop it! You’re acting like animals!’ At that point, they finally noticed I was pregnant, so they took him into the bathroom — six of them — and continued to beat him.
“When they finally brought him out, his eyes were just slits, his cheeks were all swollen, and he couldn’t raise his arms.”
In fact, Grupe was guilty as charged. The native Filipino was a radio engineer with the RCA Corp. who became an intelligence operative — a captain in the Filipino military collaborating with the U.S. Army Forces in the Far East (USAFFE) in Japanese-occupied Manila, part of a closed-unit intelligence group known as the Elizalde Espionage Ring.
In the early morning hours, the Japanese military police whisked him away to the infamous dungeons of Fort Santiago.
On Aug. 30, 1944, Grupe and others were taken to the Chinese cemetery in Manila, where they were beheaded [ in the presence of Richard Sakakida - Registrar] and buried together in a mass grave.
Seventy-one years later, Grupe’s sacrifice has been recognized by the Republic of the Philippines, which on Aug. 4 presented Campbell (who turns 101 on Sept. 15) with six medals honoring her husband’s contribution to Philippine independence.
Grupe’s posthumous honors include the Philippine Independence Medal, the World War II Victory Medal, the Republic of the Philippines Presidential Unit Citation Badge, the Philippine Liberation Medal, the Philippine Defense Medal and the Asiatic Pacific Campaign Medal.
He had been recruited by U.S. Gen. Douglas MacArthur via a Filipino senator, Jose Ozamas, who knew of Grupe’s radio skills. Grupe and a neighbor, Charles M. Holmes, teamed up shortly after the bombing of Pearl Harbor and the Philippines in December 1941 to install an emergency transmitter for the U.S. Navy in two jai-alai buildings in Manila.
After the fall of Manila, they constructed two small transmitters for the Filipino guerrillas, delivering them to a guerrilla leader in northern Luzon. In August 1942, Grupe smuggled transmitter parts from the Japanese — who believed he was working for them — which Holmes delivered to the guerrilla forces.
By 1943 and ‘44, Grupe, Holmes and others were monitoring listening posts, picking up radio signals from Mindoro and news broadcasts from Australia.
“Emilio and his comrades contributed immensely to the successful landing of the liberation forces and they may have prevented the death of many Allied soldiers and civilians alike,” said Maj. Gen. Delfin N. Lorenzana, AFP (Ret.) and Special Presidential Representative and Head of the Office of Veterans Affairs, who presented the awards to Grupe’s widow.
Before he was executed, Grupe and fellow POWs endured horrific treatment at the hand of the Japanese.
He and others were held in a 5-by-6-foot cell that filled with water, often neck deep, whenever the nearby river flooded. The cell had an elevated wooden floor with a small trap door on one end, under which was a 5-gallon can was used for sanitary purposes.
Prisoners were observed by guards through a slit in the door and were forced to sit or squat, facing the wall, for 16 hours each day. They were permitted to lie down and sleep for the other eight hours.
Grupe also was forced to work for the Japanese forces, repairing RCA transmitters on warships.
Two months after he had been captured, Grupe was brought back to his home by Japanese guards to retrieve transmitter parts. During that very brief visit, he was permitted to hold his 2-week-old baby, Peggy.
It would be the last time his family saw him. In mid-May, as MacArthur’s forces were liberating the Philippines, Grupe and others were transferred by their captors to Bilibid Prison in Manila.
“I was told he had been taken to Bilibid,” his widow told The Herald. “Whenever they sent somebody to Bilibid, it was the end. We knew they were going to be killed.”
Three months later, he was beheaded for espionage.
“Shortly before March of 1946, I was called to witness the exhumation of the bodies at the Chinese cemetery for identification purposes,” Jose Maria Ygoa reported in a military affidavit in January 1949. “Grupe was my brother-in-law — brother of my wife — and had lived with us from the time he was 4 years old until he got married to Alice Young Grupe Campbell (April 27, 1941).”
After her husband was arrested, Campbell and her three children were placed under house arrest. With three children to raise and no idea where her husband was, she persevered. When the concentration camp at Santo Tomas was opened to the Red Cross, she volunteered, walking there daily to visit her sister and brother-in-law, who were being held there.
The Americans began to bomb Manila Sept. 22, 1944, finally defeating the Japanese in 1945. When occupying troops moved in, Campbell began working for the Army in the supply department.
That same year, she sold the lease on her home, her furniture and her diamond engagement ring, and took her children to America.
“The sad part is that Aunt Alice never received acknowledgement of her husband’s contributions from the Veterans Administration in the United States, and therefore never received any veterans pay or benefits,” said Linda Igoa, whose husband, Joe (a Fresno attorney) is a blood relative of Emilio Grupe. “She literally sold everything they had in Manila, came to the United States with three young children, and started over.”
Alice Grupe met Ray Campbell in San Francisco. They got engaged on Alice’s birthday in 1948. A year later, they moved to Pacific Grove, where Ray worked at Holman’s Department Store, selling and repairing vacuum cleaners.
Eventually, they opened Campbell’s Appliances, a business they owned and operated together in Pacific Grove for 27 years.
Betty, Peggy and Frank were soon joined by two half-siblings — Ray’s children, Nina and Eddie. All used the name Campbell throughout their school years.
Linda and Joe Igoa stumbled across the story of Emilio Grupe while investigating family genealogy last July, and eventually located Alice Campbell’s adult children, who were living in Salinas.
“They told us Emilio’s story, which opened up a whole new investigation for us,” Linda Igoa said. “We found a contact for Louis Jurika (nephew of WWII legend Chick Parsons), who knew the general (Maj. Gen. Lorenzana) we needed to reach.”
Lorenzana examined documents and affidavits the Igoas had found through their research, and within a month had presented Grupe’s widow with six medals.
“Alice is living with her daughter, Nina, and son-in-law, John, in Fernley, Nevada, and she’s so content and happy,” Linda Igoa said. “She literally sleeps with her medals every night. She reads and re-reads her certificates. Emilio was the love of her life.”
WAR HERO’S WIDOW RECEIVES MEDALS 71 YEARS LATER
W118 Former Pacific Grove resident Alice Campbell (101 on Sept. 15) shows a certificate and six medals bestowed upon her late husband, Emilio Grupe, honoring his valor and contributions in the Philippines during World War II. (Courtesy photo)
Note 1 from Karl: It is a very small world indeed; I learned that the 2nd husband of Alice Campbell is the brother of my Navy Shipmate Les Campbell; about 10 years my senior and we are still very active writing mates. I think I will present more information about this forgotten hero in the future
This paragraph and graph came from the Gen. MacArthur Report, Chapter 10:
Shortly after the American landings, Colonel Anderson was requested to form a Filipino battalion to be attached to General Krueger's Sixth Army forces. Colonel Anderson responded by taking the best personnel at his disposal to form the first "Anderson Battalion." This unit performed efficiently and valiantly throughout central and eastern Luzon and built a battle record of 3,000 Japanese killed and 1,000 captured. (From page 321 of the above report)
W719 cropped from Plate No. 91; Guerrilla Forces on Luzon, October-November 1944, page 319 from the above URL.
THERE IS MUCH WRITTEN ABOUT THE ANDERSON’S GUERILLAS, JUST SEARCH A LITTLE; COL. BERNARD L. ANDERSON.
Post by Karl Welteke on Mar 28, 2016 18:56:04 GMT 8
THE GUERRILLAS IN THE SIERRA MADRE
US Submarine meets Robert Lapham in Dibut Bay, Aurora Province; and then the Anderson Guerillas south of Dingalan Bay.
W739 Dibut Bay shown on an old US army map. This map is uploaded in a fairly high resolution if you are interested to download it.
Here is the story of the USS Narwhal 13th Patrol from the below Wikipedia Page:
Her 13th war patrol – from 12 August – 10 September – started at Fremantle and ended at Port Darwin. On the night of 30 August, Narwhal surfaced in Dibut Bay on the east coast of Luzon for her usual debarking procedures, greatly speeded this time by the use of bamboo rafts built by the shore party under the direction of Robert Lapham and Commander Charles "Chick" Parsons, a liaison man in the Philippine supply and evacuation missions. Before midnight on 2 September, Narwhal sent a party and supplies ashore to a beach off the mouth of the Masanga River, and received four evacuees in return to complete the patrol.
W741 an Image of Charles “Chick” Parsons from the CD cover, Peter Parsons and Lucky Guillermo produced in recent years.
W742 an image of Peter Parsons, the son of Charles “Chick“ Parsons; in this image he is visiting Corregidor in 2014 on the occasion of his 78th birthday. He is with his friend Lucky Guillermo, those two people, as a team, have produced several CDs about the WWII history in the Philippines. He wrote me this about the Guerrilla activities in the Cabanatuan, Baler and Infanta Triangle:
Hi, Karl, glad to hear you are on the mend.
Dibut Bay is where my dad entered on a supply mission in the Narwhal (submarine); there he met with guerrilla leader Bob Lapham. He left Lapham with a case of good scotch whiskey. He was accompanied on this trip by the son of Colonel Whitney: Sonny Whitney. Parsons went ashore at night, met with the Dumagats and supervised the making of bamboo rafts to unload the sub. This bay is fairly near Baler, maybe about 20 miles south.
Next stop was south of Dingalan Bay at the mouth of the Masanga River to meet with Anderson's guerrillas.
All of this was going on in either late August or early Sept 1944. Parsons' next assignment sent him to Leyte to scout the invasion area and to communicate with the Kangleon guerrillas there.
So make sure you include Dibut Bay, and Bob Lapham in your accounts of the area. There is even a corroding cement monument at this bay which commemorates the arrival of the submarine!
W743 Americans and Filipinos who fought with the Filipino guerrillas. Left to right: Lt. Hombre Bueno, Lt. William Farrell, Maj. Robert Lapham, Lt. James O. Johnson, Lt. Henry Baker, and Lt. Gofronio Copcion (U.S. Army photograph).
W748 Lt. Col. C. M. Smith during the war, picture is from the above Gen. MacArthur Museum page.
He accomplished this and more:
-As a civilian mining engineer escaped by boat to Australia.
W749 as a US Army Captain, he accompanied Chick Parsons to Mindanao to access the Fertig organization
-By boat, under the noses of the Japanese, set up a coast watcher station near Davao, the Navy appreciated that after the first ships got sunk reported by the coast watchers.
-Next he set up coast watcher stations in Samar and Luzon
W750 here are two of Lt. Col. C. M. Smith coast watchers. This picture came from this URL; it is the fascinating story of Robert Stahl: lanbob.com/lanbob/FP-AGOM/H-AGOM-RStahl.htm Gerry Chapman, stationed in Magdalena, Sorsogon Province, reported the Japanese Fleet going thru the San Bernardino Straits, going to its doom at the Mariana Turkey Shoot. Robert Stahl, stationed on the Bondoc Peninsular, had to relay the message because Gerry Chapman’s effort was not received by anyone.
-Lt. Col. C. M. Smith was also a key man in the liberation of University of Santa Tomas. The General wanted all “old Manila Hands” to accompany the forces and help in any way possible.
-Smith’s adventures were not over, however, as he made the parachute drop with the 11th Airborne Division during its liberation of Los Banos Internment Camp on 23 February 1945.
W751 Smith spent the remainder of the war working with the G-2 Section of MacArthur’s Headquarters.This picture is also from the Gen. MacArthur Museum and shows CMD Charles Parsons and Lt. Col. C. M. Smith with Old Mac at the Brisbane HQ.
Chapter 4; to Samar; 3rd paragraph down: Major Smith wasted no time in getting parts of our network established. Sgts. Aniceto C. Manzano and Crispolo C. Robles were sent to Bondoc Peninsula in southern Luzon; Sgt. Restituto J. Besid with Pvts. Querubin B. Bargo and Andres S. Savellano went to Masbate Island; Sgts. Gerardo A. Sanchez and Daniel B. Sabado headed for Cebu Island; and Sgt. David D. Cardenas and Cpl. George R. Herreria went with us to Samar.
Chapter 6; Station MACA; 7th paragraph down: Sergeants Robles and Manzano had reached Bondoc Peninsula on Luzon. We made our first contact with them, station MAA, on 28 January 1944, when we were still on the move. One day later we successfully contacted Sergeant Besid and Privates Bargo and Savellano, station MAB, on Masbate. Theirs would be strictly a watcher station, observing shipping on the Sibuyan Sea.
Chapter 6; Station MACA; 13th paragraph from the bottom:: On 2 May 1944, the extreme perils of what we were involved in came home to me. Sergeant Besid and Privates Bargo and Savellano, our team sent from Mindanao to establish a station on Masbate, were discovered by the Japanese. Bargo and Savellano were captured and executed. Besid escaped and later rejoined us on Samar. Until now, our "invasion team" had been intact. Suddenly my complacency disappeared. Although I had yet to see a Japanese, I now realized that what happened to Bargo and Savellano, and to Major Phillips and his men, could happen to me.
When a young man thinks of combat, be it sports or war, he sees himself the victor, the hero. Never does he envision himself the vanquished – the occupant of an unmarked grave. Could this be why we continue to have wars?
W753 a terrain map from Google Earth of the middle Philippine area.
USAFIP- NL Military Shrine and Park. Camp Spencer, the general headquarters of the USAFIP, NL located along Darigayos Cove in Luna is reserved as a Military Shrine and Park by virtue of Proclamation 590 signed by President Fidel V. Ramos on June 1, 1995. Darigayos is approximately 34.2 kilometers north of San Fernando accessible through the Bitalag Junction in Bacnotan or through Balaoan
Philippines – Northern Luzon or United States Armed Forces in the Philippines – Northern Luzon (USAFIP-NL) was the military and guerrilla organization active in the Philippines after the Japanese occupation. It was made up of United States Army and Philippine Commonwealth Army Soldiers, reservists and civilians. It was active from 1942 to June 30, 1946 and commanded by Col. Moses, followed by Russell W. Volckmann.
During the liberation period of the latter part of the Japanese occupation, the general headquarter of the United States Armed forces in the Philippines, Northern Luzon (USAFIP-NL) was transferred from Alibangsay, Bagulin to Darigayos, Luna. Named in honor of Private Grafton Spencer who was killed in action early 1934. This camp in Darigayos was center and base of operations of the USAFIP NL during their liberation campaign of Luzon from January to September 1945 when 52,033 enemy troops were killed and 32,001 captured. This camp was deactivated on orders of the Philippine Army on December 1946.
-One reason I was very much interested in this shrine and location is because I know a WWII crewmember on the LSM-51. The LSM-51 was that Navy craft that brought the US Army alongside the Fraile Island, better known as Fort Drum (the Concrete Battleship) and destroyed the Japanese resistance and so brought Ft Drum back into US and Philippine hands. He is Joe Sherrill and was the 3rd Class Petty Officer Radioman (RM 3) on board.
-LSM-51 also executed a mission to Darigayos Cove and my friend Joe Sherrill wrote me this about the trip in 2010:
Great pictures and it looks like you guys had a great ole time. This seems like the place where a guerilla camp was located near San Fernando. We picked up three Japanese prisoners and had to trade ammo, medical supplies and hay for their horse to get them. Ordinarily they didn't take prisoners. Thanks again for the pictures as I always like to see the places and how they have changed.
God bless, Joe
Hello Joe! This entry and album is dedicated to you and your other WWII Shipmates and Comrades; thank you very much, Joe!
-The other reason I wanted to go to Darigayos Cove is that another good friend of mine and senior by a few years to me, is Peter Parsons, the son of the famous Naval Officer and WWII Guerrilla Chick Parsons. Chick Parsons managed or coordinated the many submarine secrete missions to the Philippines supplying the guerrillas and picking up intelligence, rescuing personal and landing agents there. So, Peter this is dedicated to you also!
Here are 13 sample pictures from the above album but are much smaller here:
SPECIAL NOTE TO LOUIS JURIKA AND PETER PARSONS: ON THE LAST OF THESE SAMPLE PICTURES IS A LT EMILIO GRUPE LISTED! Does someone in the Philippines know something about him that we don’t know?
W818 (0a). The United States Armed Forces in the Philippines-North Luzon Shrine and Park at Darigayos Cove in Luna, La Union Province.
W819 (0d) location map of the United States Armed Forces in the Philippines-North Luzon Shrine and Park at Darigayos Cove in Luna, La Union Province.
W820 (0e) location map of the United States Armed Forces in the Philippines-North Luzon Shrine and Park at Darigayos Cove in Luna, La Union Province.
W821 (0k) information plate at the gate of the United States Armed Forces in the Philippines-North Luzon Shrine and Park at Darigayos Cove in Luna, La Union Province.
W822 (0p) water front of Darigayos Cove, site of the United States Armed Forces in the Philippines-North Luzon Shrine and Park at Luna, La Union Province. We are looking north.
W823 (0q) water front of Darigayos Cove, site of the United States Armed Forces in the Philippines-North Luzon Shrine and Park at Luna, La Union Province. We are looking south.
W824 (0s) center of the United States Armed Forces in the Philippines-North Luzon Shrine with the list of units.
W825 (0t) center of the United States Armed Forces in the Philippines-North Luzon Shrine with the list of units. The 121st Inf. Reg. is listed here.
This is the formation list of the US Army Forces or US Armed Forces in the Philippines-North Luzon.
Formations Infantry regiments • 11th Infantry Regiment – Cagayan Valley • 14th Infantry Regiment – Nueva Vizcaya • 15th Infantry Regiment – Ilocos Norte • 66th Infantry Regiment – Baguio City and Southern Mountain Province • 121st Infantry Regiment – Ilocos Sur and La Union Military battalions • Field Artillery Battalion, • Engineer Combat Battalion, • Military Police Battalion, • Quartermaster Battalion, • Replacement and Casualty Battalion. •
W826 (0z) this is the Memorial Marker for the USS Gar SS-206 at the USAFIP-NL Shrine which landed supplies for the US-Phil. Guerrilla Forces at Darigayos Cove on the 11th Dec. 1944.
W827 (0z1) this is the Memorial Marker (zoomed in) for the USS Gar SS-206 at the USAFIP-NL Shrine which landed supplies for the US-Phil. Guerrilla Forces at Darigayos Cove on the 11th Dec. 1944.
W828 (0z2) this is a plan to locate the names of the guerrillas who participated at the Battle of Bessang Pass. The names are listed on both sides of two Memorial walls which are placed on a west-east axis, north and south of the center column of the United States Armed Forces in the Philippines-North Luzon Shrine and Park at Luna, La Union Province. The guerrilla names are listed by the provinces. You have to imagine that you are standing on the north side of the shrine and you are looking south across or over the memorial walls.
W829 (0z10) Battle of the Bessang Pass memorial wall with the names of the guerrillas, this is the SW corner and outside the wall. This is one of 8 images with the names! These Memorial Walls are part of the United States Armed Forces in the Philippines-North Luzon Shrine and Park at Darigayos Cove in Luna, La Union Province. There are 8 images with the names, they are uploaded in this album with the original high resolution. You should be able to zoom in and down loaded it, to view it at the original high resolution.
W830 (0z7) Battle of the Bessang Pass memorial wall with the names of the guerrillas, this is the NW corner and outside the wall. THE LAST COLUM HAS NAMES OF SOME THE HIGHER OFFICER GRADES AND ALL THE AMRICAN OFFICERS. SPECIAL NOTE TO LOUIS JURIKA AND PETER PARSONS: ON THE LAST OF THESE SAMPLE PICTURES IS A LT EMILIO GRUPE LISTED! Does someone in the Philippines know something about him that we don’t know?
Here are three paragraphs from Wikipedia: en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Bessang_Pass The Battle of Bessang Pass was fought from 9 January through 15 June 1945 in Cervantes, a municipality in the province of Ilocos Sur, located 260 km north of Manila. The area serves as a gateway to the Cordillera Mountains and the city of Baguio. Bessang Pass was a stronghold of the Japanese imperial forces under Gen. Tomoyuki Yamashita, known as the “Tiger of Malaya” and conqueror of Singapore. It was part of the triangular defense of General Yamashita in the north, namely the Balete Pass, Villaverde Trail and Bessang Pass, guarding the Ifugao-Benguet-Vizcaya borders. Its fall on the hands of the United States Army Forces in the Philippines - Northern Luzon (USAFIP-NL) on June 14, 1945 paved the way to the entrapment of Yamashita’s forces in the Cordillera until the general’s surrender in September 1945.
The USAFIP (NL), according to Robert Ross Smith, the author of the US Army publication Triumph in the Philippines: "made a substantial contribution toward the Sixth Army's campaign in northern Luzon...the USAFIP (NL) had kept the 19th Division pinned to the triangle formed by Bontoc, KP 90, and Bessang Pass...seizing San Fernando and clearing Route 3 up the west coast, the USAFIP(NL) had permitted the Sixth Army to forget about plans to use a 'regular' division along the coast”. Additionally, Smith said, "the USAFIP (NL) accomplished far more than GHQ SWPA, Sixth Army, or I Corps had apparently expected or hoped”.
The USAFIP (NL) was composed of five infantry regiments and a field artillery battalion of about 20,000 men, all Filipinos except for five American officers, and commanded by Col. Russell Volckman. The troops bore the brunt of the fighting, sustaining over 3,375 casualties, including over 900 men killed, from 9 Jan. through 15 June 1945.
Here are some sample images from the above album but are much smaller:
W831 (Z2) on our way to the Bessang Pass, coming from the west and the town of Suyo, we are looking back.
W832 (Z3) this map shows you the location of the Bessang Pass.
W833 (Z4) the Battle of the Bessang Pass map from the US Army publication Triumph in the Philippines by Robert Ross Smith.
. W834 (Z8) on our way to the Bessang Pass, coming from the west and the town of Suyo, we are looking across the valley and it narrows here. This is certainly very rugged terrain. How would you like to be a Grunt here, hauling your weapon, ammo, provisions etc up and down these hills, while you get shot at?
W835a (Z9) on our way to the Bessang Pass, coming from the west and the town of Suyo, we are looking up-valley now and towards the pass.
W836 (Z10) we arrived at the Bessang Pass Monument, work is going on, I am sure to improve the facility for the benefit of the visitors.
W837 (Z11) this is the Bessang Pass Memorial, it has at least 3 plaques.
W838 (Z12) this is the Bessang Pass Monument or Memorial, it has at least 3 plaques; this is the main one telling the story of the Bessang Pass Battle.
W839 (Z14) this the plaque that lists the American Units that participated
W840 (Z15) the USAFIP (NL) was composed of five infantry regiments and a field artillery battalion of about 20,000 men, all Filipinos except for five American officers, and commanded by Col. R. Volckmann. From Wikipedia.
W841 (Z18) this is the Bessang Pass Monument and a little further up is the actual pass.
W842 (Z20) we just went thru the actually Bessang Pass and just got our first glimpse of the Cervantes lowlands, where we are heading to.
W843 (Z22) this sign sure got my attention, it is about 3 minutes down from the pass toward Cervantes after passing thru the Bessang Pass. But because I had my family with me I did not explore the locations on that sign. It will be another time.
W844 (Z23) this is a close-up image of image # Z22 but like I said, this is not this time. It will be another time to check out those two items of interest.
W845 this is a section of a 1:50000 topographic map showing the Bessang Pass area. It is big, zoom it it and enlarge further.
Here is a Philippine webpage telling the story of the Bessang Pass Battle with the title: “One of the Greatest Victories in Philippine History: Bessang Pass”. I think it is well written and has many pictures and graphs that make it an interesting reading:
Gen. Gaudencio V. Vera : Brief Biography of Gen. Gaudencio V. Vera
Jul 31, 2020 10:26:06 GMT 8
Whitney Galbraith: In 2018 I self-published my father's WWII memoir (https://www.valleyoftheshadowpow.com) Col. Nicoll F. Galbraith, GSC, US Army, was a senior staff officer of Gen. Jonathan M. Wainwright during the Fall of the Philippines. I would enjoy conversation.
Aug 17, 2020 5:42:01 GMT 8
chadhill: Whitney: I was not aware of your book and just ordered it from Amazon. Can't wait to read it. Chad Hill.
Aug 17, 2020 12:42:24 GMT 8
RobH: Hello, I am looking for clarification on the how my Uncle John A. Holmes died at Corregidor. He was with the 3rd Battalion, G Company.
Sept 1, 2020 2:36:14 GMT 8
chadhill: RobH: Try messaging EXO or tmayer on this website. They have much info on individuals of the 503rd.
Sept 2, 2020 11:22:50 GMT 8
RobH: chadhill: My approval status is still pending, so it won't let me message them yet. Any idea how long that takes? Thanks.
Sept 3, 2020 5:33:10 GMT 8
chadhill: RobH, I think you're set now. You may have to make a brief intro of yourself on the guest board to prove to a monitoring system that you're not a spam robot, but try messaging them first.
Sept 3, 2020 6:49:56 GMT 8
chadhill: RobH: Be sure to login with a password, too (you probably already know that).
Sept 3, 2020 6:55:00 GMT 8
rob: chadhill: Thank you! I'm set up and have messaged EXO. Thank you again!
Sept 3, 2020 11:27:51 GMT 8
alalba: Hello.I'm looking for any information about where and how the US recruited Filipinos just after WWII, 1945-46 (Subic or Sangley).I'm writing a memoir for my Dad who was a guerrilla during WWII, joined the US Navy in Apr '46, and retired in 1971. Thanks
Sept 23, 2020 11:30:51 GMT 8
SteveG: My father, Alex Georgakas, was in the 503rd and is listed on the 2nd BT HQ list of participants in the Corregidor action. His service records make no mention of that action, nor did he receive the Presidential Unit Citation awarded to his group. Thoughts?
Nov 13, 2020 0:46:52 GMT 8
Eduardo P. Sayajon : Hello to all, my uncle Crescencio B. Sayajon served & was a member of the 26th Cavalry Regiment Philippine Scout during WW2 a letter of Appreciation was given but unfortunately it was destroyed. I would like to know where I could get a copy??
Nov 16, 2020 23:04:02 GMT 8
tmayer: Steve G, Did you ever talk to your Dad about his time in the service? Does his discharge list a Philippine Liberation Medal? Asiatic Pacific Campaign Medal with any bronze stars or an arrowhead?
Nov 19, 2020 8:26:25 GMT 8
Steve G: tmayer, my dad passed when I was just 9 years old, so he never really talked in depth to me about his service. My understanding is that he really never did go into detail with anyone about it, as far as I ever heard.
Dec 8, 2020 23:29:05 GMT 8
Steve G: tmayer, dad's decorations: Asiatic-Pacific Theater Ribbon w/3 bronze battle stars & 1 Bronze Arrowhead, Philippine Liberation Ribbon w/1 Bronze Star, Good Conduct Medal, Meritorious Unit Award, WWII Victory Medal
Dec 8, 2020 23:34:27 GMT 8
FoCo NoCo Guy: Wild Bill Massello was my HS Calculus teacher '66-'67 in El Paso. Quiet, competent - never talked about his military service.
Jan 4, 2021 10:38:37 GMT 8